1904/05: The Russo-Japanese War.
The Russo-Japanese War (February 8th, 1904-September 5th, 1905) was described 'the first great war of the 20th Century'. It was caused by political and economic rivalry between Japan and Russia in Manchuria and Korea and was somewhat unusual in that none of the fighting took place in the homeland of either antagonist. Most of the fighting on land took place in Southern Manchuria whilst at sea, most of the action was around Port Arthur and in the Yellow Sea. It was notable as the first major conflict between a major European power and an emergent Asian nation and a perfect example of the axiom that it is possible to win all of the battles but to lose the war. On land, the small, German-trained Japanese Army proved to be more than a match for slow, old-fashioned and unwieldy Russian Army whilst at sea, despite individual acts of great heroism, the old-fashioned, poorly led Russian Navy proved to be no match for the small but modern, Royal Navy-trained and equipped Japanese Navy. The saga of the Second Baltic Squadron under Admiral Rozhestvensky, climaxing in the Battle of Tsushima, is worthy of a feature film on its own, whilst the North Sea Incident brought Russia and Britain to the brink of war. The War was brought to an end by the Treaty of Portsmouth in September 1905, by which time Japan was economically and militarily crippled. Russia, wracked by internal political problems which would eventually lead to the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, had little interest in pursuing the War and agreed to withdraw from Korea and relinquish the lease of Port Arthur. Military casualties were thought to be about 200,000 but, as no body counts were kept, these are only very rough estimates.These pictures are published for pleasure/information/research purposes only and are not for sale or copy under any circumstances. Information in captions has been researched as thoroughly as possible but it accuracy cannot be guaranteed.Read More