BOMBARDMENT OF THE DARDANELLES - 'Commenced on February 19th, 1915. According to the Admiralty announcement, the outer forts were soon completely silenced. Much credit must be given to our seaplanes. During the action, several machines went up, not only for reconnaissance work, but also to aid the gunlayers of the Allied Fleet.....The Dardanelles are very heavily mined and the main defences are situated about the portion know as the 'Narrows.' The following Allied ships took part in the bombardment:- QUEEN ELIZABETH, VENGEANCE, CORNWALLIS, TRIUMPH, AGAMEMNON, INFLEXIBLE, ALBION, QUEEN, MAJESTIC, CANOPUS, PRINCE GEORGE, IMPLACABLE, OCEAN, IRRESISTIBLE, EURYALUS, DUBLIN, AMETHYST and SAPPHIRE. French ships were:- SUFFREN, GAULOIS, BOUVET and JAUREGUIBERRY. Russian ship was:- ASKOLD. In these operations the following ships were mined: IRRESISTIBLE, OCEAN and BOUVET, Submarine E15 ran aground and was torpedoed to prevent the Turks capturing her.' The Dardanelles campaign lasted for 11 months and was a dismal failure. Eventually, 6 Allied battleships were sunk, 4 damaged and 8 submarines lost, with the three mentioned above all lost on March 18th. The failure of this enterprise demonstrated the unsuitably of capital ships for operations in restricted waters which were easy to defend. Most of the ships were old and expendable, though their crews were not. Their guns did not have great elevation, resulting in flat shell trajectories, making them unsuitable for use against land targets. The Turks simply dismantled their guns, evacuated the forts and re-occupied when it was all over.